Gingivitis Causes Explained – A Peek Behind The Scenes

Gingivitis or ‘gum disease’ is an inflammation of the gums surrounding the teeth. By learning how to prevent gingivitis, you can avoid gingivitis causes and keep your oral cavity in perfect health.

The Primary Gingivitis Causes

When basic dental hygiene is not followed, the bacteria in the mouth trigger the gradual decay of the teeth and gums. For this reason, almost all gingivitis causes can be attributed to bad dental hygiene. When this condition is ignored, it proceeds to advanced periodontal disease stages and causes much damage to the dental structure.

The Effect Of Plaque

Gingivitis develops when plaque accumulates in the areas between the teeth. Plaque is a thin sticky layer that consists of bacteria, food debris, and certain minerals. It forms a thin film over the tooth, and breaks it down, infecting the whole region.

gingivitis causes

Unclean braces and accessories also rank among the main gingivitis causes

When plaque accumulates around the neck of your teeth, the gum margins get irritated, leading to redness, swelling, bleeding, and pain. Gingivitis may progress towards the surrounding structures (including the bone) when this layer of plaque gets hardened, a form that is termed Calculus/Tartar. The formation of plaque in the teeth is the reason behind most gingivitis causes.

Other Gingivitis Causes And Risk Factors

There are certain predisposing factors that, along with plaque, trigger gingivitis and its progression.

  • Infections and diseases like diabetes, blood cancer, or AIDS can cause gingivitis
  • Hormonal changes in the body, during cycles like pregnancy and puberty, can increase the sensitivity of the gums to plaque
  • Misaligned teeth, the rough edges of fillings, and ill-fitting or unclean mouth appliances (dentures, braces, bridges, and crowns) can act as a cavity for the accumulation of plaque and bacterial growth
  • Medications such as steroids, blood pressure pills, and even seizure or birth control pills can increase the risk of developing gingivitis
  • Unhealthy habits like smoking have been known to increase the risk of gingivitis
  • Emotional stress can sometimes trigger the onset of gingivitis
  • Undernourished people are susceptible to gingivitis
  • Injury caused due to overzealous brushing can lead to gingivitis
  • Genetic predisposition is one among the key gingivitis causes, especially if it’s known to occur in the family
  • A weakened or a suppressed immune system, especially during anti-cancer treatment and after organ transplants can lead to gingivitis

Following proper oral hygiene can help you prevent the accumulation of plaque, which is one of the key gingivitis causes. That way, you are assured of excellent dental health and don’t need to worry about gingivitis symptoms or the need for gingivitis treatment.


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This entry was posted in Gingivitis by Dr Archana K Sanketh. Bookmark the permalink.

About Dr Archana K Sanketh

Dr. Archana Sanketh (MDS) is a Consultant Prosthodontist at Hi-Tech Dental Clinic, Bangalore. A specialist in Prosthodontics and other subsets of Dentistry, she has five years of medical experience. Dr. Archana has also served as a Dental Surgeon at Srisha Dental Care.

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