Type 1 Diabetes Symptoms – Identifying The Problem

There are definite type 1 diabetes symptoms that affected individuals exhibit, and these can be noted in order to identify the condition.

Type I diabetes mellitus, also termed Insulin Dependent Diabetes Mellitus (IDDM) or Juvenile Diabetes Mellitus, occurs in people with insulin deficiency. The absolute or partial loss of beta cells (cells that secrete insulin) causes this condition.

Type 1 diabetes is often diagnosed in children and young adults, and it is uncommon as it accounts for close to 5% of all diabetes cases. Both men and women are susceptible to type 1 diabetes, and Caucasians are more susceptible to the disease than African Americans.

When Are Type 1 Diabetes Symptoms Exhibited?

In people with type 1 diabetes, sugar is not absorbed by various cells of the body because of deficiency of insulin. This leads to a rise in sugar level in the blood. When sugar builds up in the blood instead of going into these cells, the cells in the body are deprived of nutrients and therefore, other systems in the body need to provide energy for many important bodily functions.

This is when the symptoms start showing.

type 1 diabetes symptoms

Frequent thirst is one of the primary type 1 diabetes symptoms

Type 1 Diabetes Symptoms To Watch Out For

There are certain key type 1 diabetes symptoms that affected patients present with:

  • Frequent Urination, Increased Thirst, Dry Mouth:  More urine is formed in order to clear the excess sugar in the blood. Along with the clearance of glucose, there is also considerable loss of water, leading to dehydration. The patient might experience dryness in the mouth due to such dehydration, and a constant feeling of thirst.
  • Increased Hunger: In spite of frequent food intake, people who suffer from type 1 diabetes might feel hungry regularly. This happens when the cells fail to utilise the glucose in the blood due to the lack of insulin. The energy is not absorbed, leading to constant hunger.
  • Unexplained Weight Loss: Significant weight loss is one among the primary type 1 diabetes symptoms. More so, it is unintentional weight loss, due to the inability of the cells to utilise glucose.
  • Fatigue: Diabetics tend to feel weak and tired even after minimal work that they routinely do.
  • Blurred Vision: Excessive glucose in the blood causes damage to the blood vessels in the eyes. This leads to retinal damage, thus causing disruption in normal vision.
  • Frequent Infections of the Skin, Urinary Tract, or Vagina:  The elevation of blood sugar levels leads to increased amounts of glucose in all body secretions. This also weakens the normal immunity of the body, causing frequent infections.

Many people experience one or more of these type 1 diabetes symptoms. In some cases, people with very high blood sugar may face an acute complication called diabetic ketoacidosis, which is a medical emergency. These people have symptoms like:

  • Deep, rapid breathing
  • Dry skin and mouth
  • Flushed face
  • Fruity breath odour
  • Nausea or vomiting
  • Stomach pain

When diabetes is not well controlled, a number of serious or life-threatening problems may develop due to the deposition of fatty substances in the blood vessels, otherwise termed atherosclerosis. This affects the major organs of the body including the cardiovascular system, the kidneys, brain and eyes. For this reason, treatment should be immediately started once the initial type 1 diabetes symptoms start showing.

Diabetes Prevention Tips – How To Avoid The Condition

Why Do People Need Diabetes Prevention Tips?

The answer is quite simple – diabetes is a condition that’s spreading day by day in society like an epidemic. Globally, 347 million people have diabetes, and more than 80% of the deaths in developing countries are due to diabetes. The World Health Organisation (WHO) has predicted that diabetes deaths are likely to increase by two thirds by 2030.

This brings about the need for awareness about diabetes, the complications associated with it, and most importantly, diabetes prevention tips that help people delay the condition. It is important to aim for primary prevention of diabetes, particularly in countries where there is a high prevalence.

diabetes prevention

Taking the stairs instead of an elevator can help in diabetes prevention.

The Risk Factors Of Diabetes

While genetics play an important role, an individual still has the ability to influence his health to prevent diabetes. Obesity and a sedentary lifestyle are the biggest diabetes risk factors that are controllable. It goes without saying that people should watch their weight and exercise more. At first, it is important to identify the risk factors that the person is carrying with him or her.

The risk factors that could lead to diabetes are:

  • Age (above 40 years)
  • Positive family history of diabetes
  • Increased abdominal fatness (Waist circumference Male >=90 cm, Female >=85 cm)
  • Pre-diabetes(Impaired glucose tolerance)
  • Sedentary lifestyle
  • Smoking

Diabetes Prevention Tips For Better Health

Here are a few diabetes prevention tips that can help avoid the condition.

Diabetes Prevention Tip #1: Physical Activity and Weight Reduction

  • Pursue activities like jogging, walking, swimming, and skipping.
  • Walk for around 30 minutes daily.
  • Always climb stairs instead of using the elevator. Climbing stairs for 10 minutes is almost equal to 30 minutes of walking.
  • Avoid riding a motorized vehicle for short distances, and use a bicycle.
  • Minimize the hours you spend in front of a TV.
  • Beware of computer and internet addiction, because it keeps you immobile for hours.

Diabetes Prevention Tip #2:  Stress Reduction 

  • Yoga and meditation can effectively help you relieve stress.
  • To reduce stress, you can also try performing deep breathing exercises.
  • Listening to soothing music regularly can be a stress relieving exercise.

Diabetes Prevention Tip #3: Dietary Modifications

  • The amount of calories you take in should be perfectly sufficient for your daily activities, so avoid overeating.
  • Green and leafy vegetables keep the body healthy and functioning, so include them in the diet.
  • Always buy whole fruits and consume them. Fruit juices are best avoided, as fruits have more nutrients in their whole form.
  • Ensure that you cut down on carbohydrate-rich food and increase your intake of fibre-rich food items.
  • Include food items that are rich in proteins and include cereals in your daily diet.
  • Fried food items and junk food items that are rich in fat are detrimental to health and best avoided.
  • Milk products and sweets are best moderated, for long term health.
  • Have a set number of proper meals everyday, and avoid bingeing on snacks between meal hours.

The American Diabetes Prevention Program, a large prevention study of people at high risk for diabetes, showed that lifestyle intervention in the form of weight loss and increased physical activity reduced the development of type 2 diabetes by 58% during a 3-year period.

Some diabetes prevention tips also recommend the use of medications. The use of medications like metformin and acarbose has been shown in trials to prevent type 2 diabetes in high-risk subjects with impaired glucose tolerance. It is likely that one or a combination of these approaches could make diabetes prevention a reality in the near future.

Type 1 Diabetes Treatment – The Options Available

Type 1 diabetes treatment mainly involves lifestyle changes, because such treatment will help patients stay away from cardiac or renal complications over a period of time.

Type 1 diabetes mellitus, formerly known as Insulin Dependent Diabetes Mellitus (IDDM),  occurs in people with insulin deficiency. This hormone is responsible for lowering blood glucose levels, and it is secreted by the pancreas. The condition can result due to absolute or partial loss of beta cells, which are the cells in the pancreas that secrete insulin.

Firstly, before type 1 diabetes treatment is started, the diagnosis has to be accurate and it should be determined whether the person has type 1 or type 2 diabetes. After it is confirmed, doctors are likely to recommend a multi-modal approach during the treatment of type I diabetes. The main aim of the treatment is to relieve the symptoms of hyperglycaemia initially, and on a long term basis, to prevent cardiac, renal, or other complications that are associated with uncontrolled diabetes.

Type 1 Diabetes Treatment Measure #1: Diabetes Education

This stands as the first in the list. The patient has to be aware of what exactly type 1 diabetes is and how it affects the body. Diabetes education is a process which can to be taken up by the health care provider, and it includes details on:

  • Diabetes and how it works
  • The importance of regular care
  • How to control diabetes
  • How to monitor blood glucose levels
  • How insulin therapy works

Type 1 Diabetes Treatment Measure #2: Exercise And Lifestyle Modifications

Diabetes can be treated through exercise and lifestyle changes. Studies have shown that blood sugar levels can be considerably lowered through exercise. However, sometimes a drastic drop in the blood sugar levels can cause hypoglycaemia.

Therefore, moderate exercise is often advised (like a brisk walk for thirty minutes a day) instead of heavy workouts for type I diabetics.

type 1 diabetes treatment

Leafy green vegetables are recommended for diets during type 1 diabetes treatment.

Type 1 Diabetes Treatment Measure #3: Dietary Modifications

Dietary modification plays a vital role in the management of diabetes. This adds on to the treatment, along with insulin therapy, and helps keep the blood sugar levels under check. The main aims of dietary modifications are:

  • To maintain normal blood sugar levels
  • To maintain adequate nutrition
  • To maintain the desirable Body Mass Index (BMI)

The amount of calorie intake has to be around 1800Kcal/day. The prescribed diet should be a balanced one that contains mainly carbohydrates (60-70%), fat (15-20%), proteins (20-25%), and dietary fibre (25gms/1000Kcal).

Diabetics can consume vegetable soups, salads, green leafy vegetables, other green vegetables, carrots, tomatoes, water melons, and fruits like strawberries. They can also include milk, yogurt, cheese, cream, and meat in moderate levels. Items like sweets, aerated drinks, and alcoholic beverages should be avoided.

Type 1 Diabetes Treatment Measure #4: Insulin Replacement Therapy

As people with type I diabetes face insulin deficiency, doctors often recommend exogenous insulin in order to substitute the lack of the same. There are different types of insulin supplements available. These can be used alone or together, based on the doctor’s advice, as each patient will need a different dose.

Insulin is administered in the form of injections. Insulin syringes and prefilled insulin cartridges can be used with insulin pen devices, and sometimes, a continuous insulin secreting pump is also used to administer insulin.

Being aware of the condition and following the prescribed type 1 diabetes treatment through a proper diet and regular exercise can help you prevent the complications of the disease.

The Two Types of Diabetes – A Brief Look at Each Type

Diabetes Mellitus is a metabolic disorder that is commonly referred to as diabetes. There are two major types of diabetes, though minor forms do exist in the general population. The major types of this disorder are:

  • Type I diabetes mellitus
  • Type II diabetes mellitus

Types Of Diabetes: Type I

Type I diabetes mellitus is also known as Insulin Dependent Diabetes Mellitus (IDDM). It occurs in people who suffer from insulin deficiency.

Insulin is the hormone that’s responsible for lowering blood glucose levels to an acceptable range, and this hormone is secreted by the pancreas. This condition can result due to absolute or partial loss of beta cells, which are present in the pancreas and secrete insulin.

A family history of early onset diabetes is usually present in people who suffer from type I diabetes mellitus. These patients also develop auto-antibodies, which are antibodies that destroy other protein cells that are essential for bodily functions.

Typically, this form of diabetes occurs before the age of 25 years, often during a patient’s childhood. Individuals who suffer from this type of diabetes are treated through insulin supplements, as oral medication is of lesser use for type I diabetes mellitus patients.

Here’s a simple outline of the causes, symptoms, and treatment options of type I diabetes

Type I Diabetes Causes

  • Family history
  • Development of auto-antibodies

Type I Diabetes Symptoms

  • Excessive urination
  • Excessive thirst
  • Excessive hunger

Type I Diabetes Treatment

  • Insulin
  • Dietary modifications
  • Regular exercise
types of diabetes

Insulin injections are essential for people who suffer from both types of diabetes.

Types Of Diabetes: Type II

Type II diabetes mellitus was formerly known as Non-Insulin Dependent Diabetes Mellitus (NIDDM). It occurs in people whose peripheral body tissues do not utilize enough insulin, and also in people with beta cell problems (the cells that secrete insulin).

This type of diabetes is associated with factors like obesity, a sedentary lifestyle that lacks exercise, and old age. An active family history of the condition also contributes to type II diabetes mellitus.

Type II diabetes is a form of adult onset diabetes which generally occurs after the age of 40 years. It can appear at an earlier age, mainly in people who indulge in less physical activity.  Treatment options in this type of diabetes include diet modifications (usually a low calorie diet), an exercise regimen, oral medications, and insulin supplements.

Here’s a simple outline of the causes, symptoms, and treatment options of type II diabetes.

Type II Diabetes Causes

  • Family history
  • Lack of exercise
  • Improper food habits
  • Obesity

Type II Diabetes Symptoms

  • Excessive urination
  • Excessive thirst
  • Excessive hunger

Type II Diabetes Treatment

  • Insulin
  • Dietary modifications
  • Regular exercise
  • Oral medications
  • Weight reduction regimen

Apart from the causes specified, diabetes may also result due to certain viral infections and hormonal disorders that might result due to excessive growth hormones. Both types of diabetes are dangerous, as uncontrolled diabetes may lead to complications related to the heart, kidneys, and eyes.

It is essential for every individual to follow a proper diet and get regular exercise to prevent the complications of diabetes mellitus.

Complications Of Diabetes – The Risks You Can Face

The complications of diabetes are many, as it is a complex disease that affects different organs of the body when uncontrolled. Diabetes is caused due to high levels of sugar in the bloodstream, and there are some mild complications that might manifest initially, followed by major ones.

Complications Of Diabetes – The Initial Ones

The primary complications association with the disease are:

  • Excessive thirst
  • Excessive hunger
  • Frequent urination
  • Loss of weight

These problems manifest in all diabetes patients, and lead on to further problems.

Complications Of Diabetes – Long Term Damage

The major problems that arise due to uncontrolled diabetes include:

Cardiovascular Problems

Diabetic individuals face an increased risk of suffering from cardiovascular diseases, which are associated with the blood vessels and the heart.

According to studies, when the blood glucose levels in the body are higher than normal and not controlled with enough insulin, the lining of the body’s arterial walls get affected. This increases the risk of atherosclerosis, the medical term for blocking of arteries.

Fatty substances get deposited in the arteries under this condition, and this increases the blood pressure in the arteries, causing hypertension. These deposits can also cause a heart attack. Diabetes also causes the blood to thicken, and this is one of the prime causes behind heart attacks.

Complications Of Diabetes

Cardiovascular problems feature among the many complications of diabetes

Problems With The Kidneys

Kidney problems are also common among the overall complications of diabetes.

Patients who have elevated glucose levels in their blood over a long period of time face the risk of developing kidney failure or nephropathy. This is a condition in which both the kidneys stop functioning to their maximum capacity. This leads to the accumulation of toxins in the body, which are otherwise normally excreted out through urine.

The earliest clinical evidence of nephropathy is the appearance of low but abnormal levels (>30mg/day) of the protein albumin in the urine.

In addition to its status as the earliest manifestation of nephropathy, the excretion of albumin greatly increases the risk of cardiovascular illnesses.

Problems With The Eyes

A substance called sorbitol accumulates in the retina of all diabetics, due to their blood sugar levels. The retina is the part of the eye which helps us form images of what we see around us.

This accumulated sorbitol causes damage to the retinal cells, interrupting the function of a normal eye and thereby affecting vision. Patients might face problems ranging from blurred vision to the complete loss of vision in rare cases.

Problems With The Brain                     

Diabetes is associated with cerebrovascular diseases that affect the brain or its surrounding structures.

Due to the thickening of lumen in the blood vessels, major blood vessels that run to the brain are blocked in diabetics. This condition might lead to sudden strokes. In bad cases, the affected individual might face the paralysis of one or more limbs or parts of the body.

Other Chronic Infections

Diabetics are more dangerously prone to any infection that affects the general population. This is because the high level of glucose in their blood gradually weakens the immune system, making them more susceptible to common infections.

Common complications of diabetes include yeast infections, foot infections, surgical infections, and urinary tract infections.

The above are the most common health concerns that people with uncontrolled sugar levels should watch out for. It is essential to keep the blood sugar levels under check through the right diet, exercise, and medication.