The malaria life cycle requires two hosts, as the malarial parasite, Plasmodium, must shift from mosquito to human, and vice versa. The mosquito is the intermediary invertebrate host, whereas the human is the perfect vertebrate host.
Malaria is an acute parasitic infection. The causative micro-organism is neither a virus nor a bacterium, but a unicellular parasite called the malarial parasite, which belongs to the genus Plasmodium. While the Plasmodium parasite is one of the main causes of malaria, there are several other factors that contribute significantly to the spread of this disease.
The medical diagnosis of malaria can be made simply by considering the patient’s medical history, any malaria-related symptoms that are exhibited, and clinical findings. But the presence of malaria must always be confirmed by a laboratory diagnosis, which involves the detection of the malarial parasite or its antigens in the patient’s blood.
Malaria is a parasitic infection transmitted to humans and animals through mosquitoes. Some common malaria symptoms include high fever with chills and rigor, nocturnal sweating, nausea, vomiting, and malaise.
Malaria is an infectious disease caused by the parasite Plasmodium Falciparum and malaria treatment measures involve a combination of supportive measures and specific antimalarial medication.
It should be noted though, that the World Health Organization (WHO) recommends that malaria treatment measures be based on the Microscopic and Rapid Diagnostic Tests (RDT) approach.