Are you seeing a spate of irregularities in your health, such as constipation, dry and itchy skin, decreased sweating, fatigue, and inexplicable weight gain? They’ve probably caused you some amount of panic and made you wonder if you need medical help. Actually, you might, as these are some common hypothyroidism symptoms.
Hypothyroidism is a medical condition caused by the malfunctioning of the thyroid gland. In this case, the gland is underactive and as a result is unable to produce sufficient quantities of the thyroid hormones thyroxine (T4) and triiodothyronine (T3).
Early Hypothyroidism Symptoms
Here are some other symptoms that indicate hypothyroidism.
- Water retention
- Joint pain
- Muscle cramps
- Problems in the menstrual cycle
- Lowered heart rate (fewer than 60 beats per minute), also known as bradycardia
- Sudden flow of milk from the breast (not linked to nursing or childbirth), also called galactorrhoea
Other early symptoms that are observed upon clinical diagnosis are hypercholesterolemia, high levels of serum cholesterol, and hyperprolactinaemia, high levels of prolactin in the blood.
Uncommon Symptoms Seen In Some Cases
Hypothyroidism has as many as three hundred symptoms overall. Not all of them are seen in every individual with the condition. The ones listed above are the most common hypothyroidism symptoms. In some cases, other uncommon symptoms might manifest, such as:
- A swollen tongue
- Hair loss
- Inattentiveness and memory impairment
- A shallow respiratory pattern, characterized by shortness of breath
- Yellowing of skin
- Difficulty in swallowing
- A lowered sex drive in men
- Slow reflexes
If you notice any of these symptoms, you should immediately consult a doctor for a hypothyroidism test, and subsequent treatment in case the diagnosis confirms the presence of the condition. This level of caution is of utmost importance because hypothyroidism has the potential to turn fatal if left untreated.
Hypothyroidism Symptoms In The Later Stages
Here are some of the symptoms see in the later stages of hypothyroidism when the affected individual does not seek or is not given timely treatment.
- Carpal tunnel syndrome
- Acute fatigue syndrome
- Mood swings
- A hoarse voice
- Slow speech
- Sign of Hertoghe, which is the thinning of the outer third of the eyebrows
- Infertility, in men as well as women
- Dry and puffy skin
As hypothyroidism has a vast number of symptoms, there is a chance that you might miss some of them or pass the early signs off as minor abnormalities and refrain from going in for a hypothyroidism test. This would only increase the severity of your condition i.e. if you have hypothyroidism.
For this reason, it is wise to be cautious, keep yourself well informed about hypothyroidism symptoms, and opt for medical help if you notice any of them. In fact, you should go one step further and protect yourself from this condition by countering its number one cause, which is iodine deficiency. Gathering more information on what is hypothyroidism is a good way to learn all about this condition and keep it at bay, or at least under complete control.